A Catalan Referendum – Threat or Opportunity for Europe?

On October 22nd 2014, the PDU invited speakers to discuss the implications of a possible Catalan referendum on the European Union.


The Need for Strong European Institutions to Fight Climate Change

Discussions about climate change don’t make the front pages anymore. As the PDU has written before, this is a dangerous development. In an article for the PDU, Oskar Achten argues that simple theoretic considerations suggest that we…

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A New Citizenship? National and European Legal Identities from a Historical Perspective

This study explores the historical perspective of legal identities at the European and national levels, giving an overview of how ideas of European citizenship can be compared with multilayered identities of the past. 


The ASEAN Way, the EU, and Human Rights Governance

The EU’s role in setting a standard for human rights, and acting as a source of international pressure when it comes to enforcing these rights, has long been acknowledged. Comparing this aspect of the EU…

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The Mediterranean: a Sea of Migrants in Danger

Thousands of migrants risk their lives to get to Europe by crossing the Mediterranean. They do so to escape war, persecution or poverty. Many do not survive the journey, writes Susana Santos Faria.


Hungary’s Rapprochement to Russia and the Importance of the Ukrainian crisis for Europe

The Russian-Ukrainian crisis was a game changer, garnering huge international attention and sparking debates as to the consequences and importance of the events in Ukraine for Europe. Many European and neighboring countries clearly demonstrated their position…

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The Challenge of Human Trafficking

Human trafficking is a complex crime that requires a coordinated response among EU member states and third countries. By Susana Santos Faria. 


Europe Dictionary: Proportionality

Last week’s entry to the Europe Dictionary was on the topic of subsidiarity. A related and equally important principle in European law is proportionality, which Niamh Baker-Loughlin will now examine.

'European Union Colours'

Europe Dictionary: Subsidiarity

A great concern of many who doubt the European project is that the surrender of sovereignty in certain areas to Brussels creates a distance between the citizen and the policy process. The principle of subsidiarity goes…

Simms and Schäuble in discussion

Brendan Simms in discussion with Wolfgang Schäuble

On the occasion of the presentation of the German version of his book ‘Europe: The Struggle for Supremacy 1453 to the Present’ the PDU’s president Brendan Simms discussed his vision for a federal European state with…